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Growing concerns over the environmental impact of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the uncertainty of future fossil fuel prices, geopolitical instability, and consumer preferences are a few factors driving the development and use of biomass as a renewable energy source. Government mandates and policy frameworks have further built consensus for the effective utilization of sustainable resources for energy. As a result, biomass-derived densified solid biofuels have experienced phenomenal growth in the last decade and are expected to grow by 56% during the three decades from 2010 to 2040. Biomass sources range from agricultural, municipal, and commercial wastes to forest litter and energy crops. The use of densified agricultural residues for energy production can reduce dependence on fossil fuels and help mitigate the environmental and economic security threats that they pose in an uncertain geopolitical scenario. As with most energy production, attention must be given to choosing the correct feedstocks and processes in each case to assure economic viability. Densified biomass products can be used effectively in residential or commercial heating, in energy production, or to produce a wide variety of chemicals or fuels. The North American, European, and Asian markets for densified biomass products are growing and have substantial remaining potential.
Name : Haseeb Yaqoob
City : Rahim Yar Khan
University : Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering & Information Technology, Rahim Yar Khan